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Surgical Prosthetic Equipment
Surgical prosthetic equipment is used to replace missing body parts, such as bones and joints. It can also be used to deliver medications or monitor a person's health. Some implants are intended to be permanent, while others may be removed at a later date. Read more great facts on bionics companies Philadelphia, click here. 
Prosthetic devices are made to look and feel like a normal limb, while other devices use myoelectric and body-powered technologies to perform functions. You and your doctor will work together to decide what kind of device is best for you.
Below-knee (femur) prostheses are generally adapted for weight bearing by a knee hinge that extends over the top of the stump and is connected to a rigid plastic leg. The leg is then attached to a lower-leg prosthesis with an ankle piece and foot pieces.
There are many types of below-knee prosthetics, but some common features include an articulating joint that enables the amputee to walk up and down, a flexible knee cap that allows for bending and rotation, and an articulated leg that flexes and extends in the calf and ankle. The lower-leg prosthesis can be a traditional endoskeletal design or an exoskeletal model, with either option allowing more flexibility in movement.
Amputation surgery is often needed to treat people who have lost a limb due to cancer, accidents or other conditions. Depending on the extent of the loss, you might have a temporary prosthesis fitted during surgery and a permanent one after you are strong enough. For more useful reference regarding Philadelphia prosthetics, have a peek here. 
Some amputations require surgery to control pain or reduce swelling at the stump site. A surgeon might perform a myodesis, a procedure that removes excess bone tissue and stimulates the nerves to heal. This can help alleviate pain and prevent swelling in the stump area and improve skin integrity. Please view this site  for further  details. 
Another way to reduce pain and increase a patient's sense of well-being is by using a new surgical procedure called targeted muscle reinnervation. This technique transfers the nerves in the residual limb into a new muscle to control the prosthetic limb, reducing a patient's amputation pain and increasing their ability to control the prosthetic arm or leg by thinking about what movements they want to make.
Targeted muscle reinnervation can be performed for a range of amputations, including below-knee, above-knee and below-elbow. The process can be done at the same time as amputation surgery or as a follow-up procedure after the operation.
If you are looking for a new way to help you move your limb, a team of scientists, engineers, and prosthetists is working on brain controlled robotic limbs. The new technology is being tested on patients at Brigham and Women's Faulkner Hospital in Boston.
In the future, UC Davis researchers hope to develop a system that uses a patient's own brain waves to control a prosthetic arm. The brain-controlled robotic limb will provide feedback from the patient's body to help them feel when they are in the correct position for a specific movement, and will automatically adjust the arm's length.
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